There are 124 states, where members of the LGBT community can live without any legal penalties levied for same-sex sexual activity. However, in 72 countries gay relations are criminalised and severely outlawed, according to the annual survey (http://ilga.org/downloads/2017/ILGA_State_Sponsored_Homophobia_2017_WEB.pdf) of the ILGA (International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association).
There are 45 nations, where the ban on homosexual activity applies to women and not only to men.
The death penalty is a complicated issue. During 2016 the media reported cases from 16 countries. But there are only two nations, where they regularly execute people for being gay. Regions of two other jurisdictions kill gays under Shari'a and in another two countries "non-state actors" use this shameful practice. Statistically, death penalty and execution occurs in eight states. Afghanistan, Pakistan, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Mauritania and Brunei Darussalam have legislation under the Shari'a law, but they have other penalties encoded in the regulations.
19 sovereign countries have "morality" laws which are banning the "promotion" or expression of same-sex related information. And there are 25 states, where the LGBT community cannot form or establish any kind of NGOs about sexual orientation. In contrast, 72 nations offer laws on discrimination in the workplace.
The good news is that 22 countries recognise same-sex marriage. Even Brazil and Mexico have legal routes to the union of gay people. Including Taiwan, 28 nations legalised the registration of same-sex couples and in 26 jurisdictions can members of the LGBT community adopt children. During 2017, Austria, Finland and Australia encoded this right in their legal framework. Moreover, there are 27 further members of the United Nations, which allow same-sex second partner adoption.
Which acts of violence are threatening the gay community?
- Hate crimes: killings, physical attack, sexual violence and other ill-treatment, committed by private individuals, state representatives, military or law enforcement officials.
- Non-consensual medical procedures: conversion therapies.
- Domestic violence: forced marriages, honour killings, partner violence or these act committed by family members.
- Hate Speech: homophobic hate speech from State officials, politicians and the media.
Same-sex activity is criminalised in 71 countries; this is 37% of the UN Member States.
32 nations in Africa: Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Comoros, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
Ten nations in the Americas: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago.
23 countries in Asia: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Gaza (opt)
India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, atar, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Syria, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Yemen.
Six countries in Oceania: Cook Islands, Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, and Tuvalu.
All Member States of the European Union respect gay rights. However, it is not easy to obtain the right to move to an EU country. The most straightforward options are available for entrepreneurs and investors, it's worth to check the residency by investment solutions (link) of some nations, where members of the LGBT community can live freely without any discrimination.