Full right to adoption by same-sex couples is legal in seventeen European countries, mainly in the Member States of the EU.
However, some options for adoption by same-sex couples is permitted in 22 of the 56 nations and six of the six "dependent territories in Europe."
LGBT couples can adopt children in the following European countries:
Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
In Estonia, Italy, and Switzerland step-child adoption is a legal option, where a partner in a civil union can adopt the biological and, "in some cases, the adopted child of his or her partner. Under the Croatian law, member of a registered partnership may obtain the "partner-guardian status" over the child of the partner. Same-sex couples can joint adopt children in the dependent territories (Gibraltar, Falkland Islands, Guernsey, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Isle of Man, Jersey.)
The right of gay adoption applies to all overseas regions of France, and it includes the Caribbean Netherlands. The UK's offshore territories did not all converged to the European rule. LGBT adoption is legal only in the Pitcairn Islands, Bermuda, Falkland Islands, Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha.
There are various and open questions related to the interpretation and application of the three related Directives, which are crucial for the gay immigrants in the European Union:
The primary issue is that there is no legislation concerning any adoptions. If you consider immigrating to the European Union through a residency by investment program, these solutions are simple and straightforward processes for the members of the LGBTQ community. However, because of the different approaches of the Member States, international adoption may be a lengthy process involving red tape and "sometimes painful procedures," according to another working paper of the EU Parliament (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/BRIE/2015/536480/IPOL_BRI(2015)536480_EN.pdf)
What kind of legal problems may occur after a successful adoption case by a same-sex couple?
Gay and lesbian couples can adopt children in some Member States, but this status may be not recognised in another EU country! And it may mean practical barriers regarding School schooling and medical care if the family would like to move to another European country.
If you are interested to live with your LGBTQ partner in the European Union and adopt children, then click here for information!